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In Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Background: Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is the most prevalent digestive system- related cancer and has become one of the deadliest diseases worldwide. Given the poor prognosis of CRC, it is of great importance to make a more accurate prediction of this disease. Early CRC detection using computational technologies can significantly improve the overall survival possibility of patients. Hence this study was aimed to develop a fuzzy logic-based clinical decision support system (FL-based CDSS) for the detection of CRC patients. Methods: This study was conducted in 2020 using the data related to CRC and non-CRC patients, which included the 1162 cases in the Masoud internal clinic, Tehran, Iran. The chi-square method was used to determine the most important risk factors in predicting CRC. Furthermore, the C4.5 decision tree was used to extract the rules. Finally, the FL-based CDSS was designed in a MATLAB environment and its performance was evaluated by a confusion matrix. Results: Eleven features were selected as the most important factors. After fuzzification of the qualitative variables and evaluation of the decision support system (DSS) using the confusion matrix, the accuracy, specificity, and sensitivity of the system was yielded 0.96, 0.97, and 0.96, respectively. Conclusion: We concluded that developing the CDSS in this field can provide an earlier diagnosis of CRC, leading to a timely treatment, which could decrease the CRC mortality rate in the community.

Nopour Raoof, Shanbehzadeh Mostafa, Kazemi-Arpanahi Hadi

2021

Artificial intelligence, CRC, Colorectal cancer, Fuzzy logic, Risk analysis, Screening