In Data in brief
This article introduces a dataset of high-resolution colour images of grapevines. It contains 99 images acquired in the vineyard from a cruising tractor. Each image includes the full foliage of a grapevine plant. These images display a diverse range of symptoms caused by the grapevine downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola), a major fungal disease. The dataset also includes various confounding factors, i.e. anomalies that are not related to the disease. These anomalies are the natural and common phenomena affecting vineyards such as results of mechanical wounds, necroses, chemical burns or yellowing and discolorations due to nutritional or hydric deficiencies. Images were acquired in-situ on "Le Domaine de la Grande Ferrade" a public experimental facility of INRAE, in the area of Bordeaux. Acquisitions took place at early fruiting stages (BBCH 75-79) corresponding to the main sanitary pressure during growth. The acquisition device, embedded on a vine tractor, is composed of an industrial colour camera synchronised with powerful flashes. The purpose of this device is to produce a "day for night" effect that mitigates the variation of sunlight. It enables to homogenise images acquired during different weathers and time of the day and to ensure that the foreground (containing foliage) displays appropriate brightness, with minimum shadows while the background is darker. The images of the dataset were annotated manually by photo-interpretation with a careful review of expertise regarding phytopathology and physiological disorders. The annotation process consists in associating pixels with a class that defines its membership to a type of organ and its physiological state. Pixels from healthy, symptomatic or abnormal grapevine tissues were labelled into seven classes: "Limbus", "Leaf edges", "Berries", "Stems", "Foliar mildew", "Berries mildew" and "Anomalies". The annotation is achieved with the GIMP2 software as mask images where the value attributed to each pixel corresponds to one of the seven considered classes.
Abdelghafour Florent, Keresztes Barna, Deshayes Aymeric, Germain Christian, Da Costa Jean-Pierre
Downy mildew, Grapevine, Groundtruthing, Imagery, Machine learning, Precision viticulture, Proximal sensing