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In Chemical research in toxicology ; h5-index 45.0

Cytochrome P450 2C8 (CYP2C8) is a major drug-metabolizing enzyme in humans and is responsible for the metabolism of ∼5% drugs in clinical use. Thus, inhibition of CYP2C8, which causes potential adverse drug events, cannot be neglected. The in vitro drug interaction studies guidelines for industry issued by the FDA also point out that it needs to be determined whether investigated drugs are CYP2C8 inhibitors before clinical trials. However, current studies mainly focus on predicting the inhibitors of other major P450 enzymes, and the importance of CYP2C8 inhibition has been overlooked. Therefore, there is a need to develop models for identifying potential CYP2C8 inhibition. In this study, in silico classification models for predicting CYP2C8 inhibition were built by five machine-learning methods combined with nine molecular fingerprints. The performance of the models built was evaluated by test and external validation sets. The best model had AUC values of 0.85 and 0.90 for the test and external validation sets, respectively. The applicability domain was analyzed based on the molecular similarity and exhibited an impact on the improvement of prediction accuracy. Furthermore, several representative privileged substructures such as 1H-benzo[d]imidazole, 1-phenyl-1H-pyrazole, and quinoline were identified by information gain and substructure frequency analysis. Overall, our results would be helpful for the prediction of CYP2C8 inhibition.

Zhang Xiaoxiao, Zhao Piaopiao, Wang Zhiyuan, Xu Xuan, Liu Guixia, Tang Yun, Li Weihua