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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

Interfacial mechanical properties are important in composite materials and their applications, including vehicle structures, soft robotics, and aerospace. Determination of traction-separation (T-S) relations at interfaces in composites can lead to evaluations of structural reliability, mechanical robustness, and failures criteria. Accurate measurements on T-S relations remain challenging, since the interface interaction generally happens at microscale. With the emergence of machine learning (ML), data-driven model becomes an efficient method to predict the interfacial behaviors of composite materials and establish their mechanical models. Here, we combine ML, finite element analysis (FEA), and empirical experiments to develop data-driven models that characterize interfacial mechanical properties precisely. Specifically, eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) multi-output regressions and classifier models are harnessed to investigate T-S relations and identify the imperfection locations at interface, respectively. The ML models are trained by macroscale force-displacement curves, which can be obtained from FEA and standard mechanical tests. The results show accurate predictions of T-S relations (R2 = 0.988) and identification of imperfection locations with 81% accuracy. Our models are experimentally validated by 3D printed double cantilever beam specimens from different materials. Furthermore, we provide a code package containing trained ML models, allowing other researchers to establish T-S relations for different material interfaces.

Ferdousi Sanjida, Chen Qiyi, Soltani Mehrzad, Zhu Jiadeng, Cao Pengfei, Choi Wonbong, Advincula Rigoberto, Jiang Yijie