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In Environmental science and pollution research international

Wind energy is one of the potential renewable energy sources being exploited around the globe today. Accurate prediction of wind speed is mandatory for precise estimation of wind power at a site. In this study, hybrid machine learning models have been deployed for short-term wind speed prediction. The twin support vector regression (TSVR), primal least squares twin support vector regression (PLSTSVR), iterative Lagrangian twin parametric insensitive support vector regression (ILTPISVR), extreme learning machine (ELM), random vector functional link (RVFL), and large-margin distribution machine-based regression (LDMR) models have been adopted in predicting the short-term wind speed collected from five stations named as Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Salem, and Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu, India. Further to check the applicability of the models, the performance of the models was compared based on various performance measures like RMSE, MAPE, SMAPE, MASE, SSE/SST, SSR/SST, and R2. The results suggest that LDMR outperforms other models in terms of its prediction accuracy and ELM is computationally faster compared to other models.

Gupta Deepak, Natarajan Narayanan, Berlin Mohanadhas


Extreme learning machine, Prediction, Support vector regression, Wind speed