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In Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism

Quantitative [15O]H2O positron emission tomography (PET) is the accepted reference method for regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) quantification. To perform reliable quantitative [15O]H2O-PET studies in PET/MRI scanners, MRI-based attenuation-correction (MRAC) is required. Our aim was to compare two MRAC methods (RESOLUTE and DeepUTE) based on ultrashort echo-time with computed tomography-based reference standard AC (CTAC) in dynamic and static [15O]H2O-PET. We compared rCBF from quantitative perfusion maps and activity concentration distribution from static images between AC methods in 25 resting [15O]H2O-PET scans from 14 healthy men at whole-brain, regions of interest and voxel-wise levels. Average whole-brain CBF was 39.9 ± 6.0, 39.0 ± 5.8 and 40.0 ± 5.6 ml/100 g/min for CTAC, RESOLUTE and DeepUTE corrected studies respectively. RESOLUTE underestimated whole-brain CBF by 2.1 ± 1.50% and rCBF in all regions of interest (range -2.4%- -1%) compared to CTAC. DeepUTE showed significant rCBF overestimation only in the occipital lobe (0.6 ± 1.1%). Both MRAC methods showed excellent correlation on rCBF and activity concentration with CTAC, with slopes of linear regression lines between 0.97 and 1.01 and R2 over 0.99. In conclusion, RESOLUTE and DeepUTE provide AC information comparable to CTAC in dynamic [15O]H2O-PET but RESOLUTE is associated with a small but systematic underestimation.

Puig Oriol, Henriksen Otto M, Andersen Flemming L, Lindberg Ulrich, Højgaard Liselotte, Law Ian, Ladefoged Claes N

2021-Jul-11

Attenuation correction, PET/MRI, [15O]H2O-PET, deep learning, rCBF