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In Journal of autism and developmental disorders ; h5-index 76.0

Our study investigated the feasibility of using head movement features to identify individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Children with ASD and typical development (TD) were required to answer ten yes-no questions, and they were encouraged to nod/shake head while doing so. The head rotation range (RR) and the amount of rotation per minute (ARPM) in the pitch (head nodding direction), yaw (head shaking direction) and roll (lateral head inclination) directions were computed, and further fed into machine learning classifiers as the input features. The maximum classification accuracy of 92.11% was achieved with the decision tree classifier with two features (i.e., RR_Pitch and ARPM_Yaw). Our study suggests that head movement dynamics contain objective biomarkers that could identify ASD.

Zhao Zhong, Zhu Zhipeng, Zhang Xiaobin, Tang Haiming, Xing Jiayi, Hu Xinyao, Lu Jianping, Qu Xingda


Autism, Biomarkers, Diagnosis, Head movement, Machine learning