In Computers in biology and medicine
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the world. Early diagnosis and treatment increase the patient's chances of healing. The temperature of cancerous tissues is generally different from that of healthy neighboring tissues, making thermography an option to be considered in the fight against cancer because it does not use ionizing radiation, venous access, or any other invasive process, presenting no damage or risk to the patient. In this paper, we propose a hybrid computational method using the Dynamic Infrared Thermography (DIT) and Static Infrared Thermography (SIT) for abnormality screening and diagnosis of malignant tumor (cancer), applying supervised and unsupervised machine learning techniques. We use the area under receiver operating characteristic curve, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy as performance measures to compare the hybrid methodology with previous work in the literature. The K-Star classifier achieved accuracy of 99% in the screening phase using DIT images. The Support Vector Machines (SVM) classifier applied on SIT images yielded accuracy of 95% in the diagnosis of cancer. The results confirm the potential of the proposed approaches for screening and diagnosis of breast cancer.
Resmini Roger, Faria da Silva Lincoln, Medeiros Petrucio R T, Araujo Adriel S, Muchaluat-Saade Débora C, Conci Aura
Breast cancer, Diagnosis, GLCM, Screening, Texture, Thermography