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In Ageing research reviews ; h5-index 66.0

Machine learning models capable of predicting age given a set of inputs are referred to as aging clocks. We recently developed an aging clock that utilizes 491 plasma protein inputs, has an exceptional accuracy, and is capable of measuring biological age. Here, we demonstrate that this clock is extremely predictive (r = 0.95) when used to measure age in a novel plasma proteomic dataset derived from 370 human subjects aged 18-69 years. Over-representation analyses of the proteins that make up this clock in the Gene Ontology and Reactome databases predominantly implicated innate and adaptive immune system processes. Immunological drugs and various age-related diseases were enriched in the DrugBank and GLAD4U databases. By performing an extensive literature review, we find that at least 269 (54.8 %) of these inputs regulate lifespan and/or induce changes relevant to age-related disease when manipulated in an animal model. We also show that, in a large plasma proteomic dataset, the majority (57.2 %) of measurable clock proteins significantly change their expression level with human age. Different subsets of proteins were overlapped with distinct epigenetic, transcriptomic, and proteomic aging clocks. These findings indicate that the inputs of this age predictor likely represent a rich source of anti-aging drug targets.

Johnson Adiv A, Shokhirev Maxim N, Lehallier Benoit

2021-Jul-06

Age prediction, Aging clock, Bioinformatics, Biomarker, Healthspan, Machine learning