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In Journal of chemical information and modeling

Recently, molecular generation models based on deep learning have attracted significant attention in drug discovery. However, most existing molecular generation models have serious limitations in the context of drug design wherein they do not sufficiently consider the effect of the three-dimensional (3D) structure of the target protein in the generation process. In this study, we developed a new deep learning-based molecular generator, SBMolGen, that integrates a recurrent neural network, a Monte Carlo tree search, and docking simulations. The results of an evaluation using four target proteins (two kinases and two G protein-coupled receptors) showed that the generated molecules had a better binding affinity score (docking score) than the known active compounds, and the generated molecules possessed a broader chemical space distribution. SBMolGen not only generates novel binding active molecules but also presents 3D docking poses with target proteins, which will be useful in subsequent drug design. The code is available at

Ma Biao, Terayama Kei, Matsumoto Shigeyuki, Isaka Yuta, Sasakura Yoko, Iwata Hiroaki, Araki Mitsugu, Okuno Yasushi