In PeerJ. Computer science
Character recognition is an important research field of interest for many applications. In recent years, deep learning has made breakthroughs in image classification, especially for character recognition. However, convolutional neural networks (CNN) still deliver state-of-the-art results in this area. Motivated by the success of CNNs, this paper proposes a simple novel full depth stacked CNN architecture for Latin and Arabic handwritten alphanumeric characters that is also utilized for license plate (LP) characters recognition. The proposed architecture is constructed by four convolutional layers, two max-pooling layers, and one fully connected layer. This architecture is low-complex, fast, reliable and achieves very promising classification accuracy that may move the field forward in terms of low complexity, high accuracy and full feature extraction. The proposed approach is tested on four benchmarks for handwritten character datasets, Fashion-MNIST dataset, public LP character datasets and a newly introduced real LP isolated character dataset. The proposed approach tests report an error of only 0.28% for MNIST, 0.34% for MAHDB, 1.45% for AHCD, 3.81% for AIA9K, 5.00% for Fashion-MNIST, 0.26% for Saudi license plate character and 0.97% for Latin license plate characters datasets. The license plate characters include license plates from Turkey (TR), Europe (EU), USA, United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).
Salemdeeb Mohammed, Ertürk Sarp
Arabic character recognition, Arabic license plate character recognition, Character recognition, Convolutional neural nework, Deep learning, Handwritten character recognition, Image classififcation, License plate character recognition