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In Arthritis research & therapy ; h5-index 60.0

BACKGROUND : The new concept of difficult-to-treat rheumatoid arthritis (D2T RA) refers to RA patients who remain symptomatic after several lines of treatment, resulting in a high patient and economic burden. During a hackathon, we aimed to identify and predict D2T RA patients in structured and unstructured routine care data.

METHODS : Routine care data of 1873 RA patients were extracted from the Utrecht Patient Oriented Database. Data from a previous cross-sectional study, in which 152 RA patients were clinically classified as either D2T or non-D2T, served as a validation set. Machine learning techniques, text mining, and feature importance analyses were performed to identify and predict D2T RA patients based on structured and unstructured routine care data.

RESULTS : We identified 123 potentially new D2T RA patients by applying the D2T RA definition in structured and unstructured routine care data. Additionally, we developed a D2T RA identification model derived from a feature importance analysis of all available structured data (AUC-ROC 0.88 (95% CI 0.82-0.94)), and we demonstrated the potential of longitudinal hematological data to differentiate D2T from non-D2T RA patients using supervised dimension reduction. Lastly, using data up to the time of starting the first biological treatment, we predicted future development of D2TRA (AUC-ROC 0.73 (95% CI 0.71-0.75)).

CONCLUSIONS : During this hackathon, we have demonstrated the potential of different techniques for the identification and prediction of D2T RA patients in structured as well as unstructured routine care data. The results are promising and should be optimized and validated in future research.

Messelink Marianne A, Roodenrijs Nadia M T, van Es Bram, Hulsbergen-Veelken Cornelia A R, Jong Sebastiaan, Overmars L Malin, Reteig Leon C, Tan Sander C, Tauber Tjebbe, van Laar Jacob M, Welsing Paco M J, Haitjema Saskia


Applied data analytics in medicine, Difficult-to-treat rheumatoid arthritis, Machine learning, Routine care data