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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

Ototoxic medications can lead to significant morbidity. Thus, pre-marketing clinical trials have assessed new drugs that have ototoxic potential. Nevertheless, several ototoxic side effects of drugs may remain undetected. Hence, we sought to retrospectively investigate the potential risk of ototoxic adverse drug reactions among commonly used drugs via a longitudinal cohort study. An electronic health records-based data analysis with a propensity-matched comparator group was carried out. This study was conducted using the MetaNurse algorithm for standard nursing statements on electronic healthcare records and the National Sample Cohort obtained from the South Korea National Health Insurance Service. Five target drugs capable of causing ototoxic adverse drug reactions were identified using MetaNurse; two drugs were excluded after database-based analysis because of the absence of bilateral hearing loss events in patients. Survival analysis, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate the incidence, survival rate, and hazard ratio of bilateral hearing loss among patients who were prescribed candidate ototoxic drugs. The adjusted hazard ratio of bilateral hearing loss was 1.31 (1.03-1.68), 2.20 (1.05-4.60), and 2.26 (1.18-4.33) in cimetidine, hydroxyzine, and sucralfate users, respectively. Our results indicated that hydroxyzine and sucralfate may cause ototoxic adverse drug reactions in patients. Thus, clinicians should consider avoiding co-administration of these drugs with other well-confirmed ototoxic drugs should be emphasized.

Lee Suehyun, Cha Jaehun, Kim Jong-Yeup, Son Gil Myeong, Kim Dong-Kyu