In Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of engineering in medicine
Atrial Fibrillation (A-fib) is a common cardiac rhythm problem in the population these days in which irregular heartbeat leads to blood clots, heart failure, stroke, and other significant clinical complications. Researchers have found that the atrial fat can lead to AF in most patients. To develop an automated method for detecting the epicardial fat present in the atrium using a Convolutional Neural Network. Cardiac Computed Tomography (CT) images of ten patients were pre-processed to remove the unwanted structure around the heart. An automated pixel value masking was done to locate the epicardial fat in the atrium and a 3D view of the heart was constructed for correct visualization of the location of the fat. A fast and fully automated Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) was applied to detect the atrial epicardial fat through feature selection from the CT images. We achieved 89.22% accuracy, 90.18% sensitivity, and 88.52% specificity in the detection of atrial epicardial fat using our CNN architecture. Our results showed that this CNN-based method can be helpful in atrial epicardial fat detection. Since Deep learning techniques add robustness, rapidness, and reliability, this study provides an unutilized way to detect the atrial fat tissue.
Deepa Deepa, Singh Yashbir, Wang Ming Chen, Hu Weichih
Atrial fibrillation, CT images, atrial epicardial fat, convolutional neural network, pixel value masking