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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

Osteoporosis is a global health problem for ageing populations. The goals of osteoporosis treatment are to improve bone mineral density (BMD) and prevent fractures. One major obstacle that remains a great challenge to achieve the goals is how to select the best treatment regimen for individual patients. We developed a computational model from 8981 clinical variables, including demographic data, diagnoses, laboratory results, medications, and initial BMD results, taken from 10-year period of electronic medical records to predict BMD response after treatment. We trained 7 machine learning models with 13,562 osteoporosis treatment instances [comprising 5080 (37.46%) inadequate treatment responses and 8482 (62.54%) adequate responses] and selected the best model (Random Forests with area under the receiver operating curve of 0.70, accuracy of 0.69, precision of 0.70, and recall of 0.89) to individually predict treatment responses of 11 therapeutic regimens, then selected the best predicted regimen to compare with the actual regimen. The results showed that the average treatment response of the recommended regimens was 9.54% higher than the actual regimens. In summary, our novel approach using a machine learning-based decision support system is capable of predicting BMD response after osteoporosis treatment and personalising the most appropriate treatment regimen for an individual patient.

Tanphiriyakun Thiraphat, Rojanasthien Sattaya, Khumrin Piyapong