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In Resuscitation plus

Objectives : To assess ultra-early neuroprognostic significance of GFAP, NF-L, UCH-L1, tau, and S100B concentrations, change trajectory, and combination profile after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA).

Methods : Prospective enrollment of 22 OHCA and 10 control patients at an academic tertiary care center between May 1, 2017 and January 28, 2020. Blood was collected within one hour of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) (H0), at hours 6 (H6), 12, 18, 24, and daily or until discharge or death. Biomarker concentrations, multifactor score, and trajectory change were assessed and compared to final neurologic status (good vs poor Cerebral Performance Category; CPC 1-2 vs CPC 3-5, respectively).

Results : 10 patients had good and 12 had poor neurologic outcomes. Poor outcome patients had higher biomarker concentrations and combined biomarker scores at early time points. The earliest significant difference between good and poor outcome patients' serum biomarkers were at H12 for GFAP (good median: 425 pg/mL [IQR:370-630] vs poor: 5954[1712-65,055] pg/mL; p < 0.001), H12 for NF-L (64[41-69] vs 898[348-1990] pg/mL; p < 0.001), H0 for Tau (31[8-51] vs 124[53-238] pg/mL; p = 0.025), H0 for UCH-L1 (898[375-1600] vs 2475[1898-4098] pg/mL; p = 0.008), and H6 for S100B (123[70-290] vs 895[360-1199] pg/mL; p = 0.002). Four biomarker composite scores differed by H12 (78.03[52.03-111.25] vs 749 [198.46-4870.63] pg/mL; p = 0.003). Machine-learning approach also identified that four-marker score trajectory group memberships are in concordance with patient outcome.

Conclusions : Ultra-early serial serum concentrations of neuronal and astroglial biomarkers may be of neuroprognostic significance following OHCA.

Huesgen Karl W, Elmelige Yasmeen O, Yang Zhihui, Chowdhury Muhammad Abdul Baker, Gul Sarah, Maciel Carolina B, Elie-Turenne Marie-Carmelle, Becker Torben K, Cohen Scott A, Holland Amy, Montero Cindy, Zhu Tian, Wang Kevin K, Tyndall Joseph A


Biomarker, Cerebral performance category, Hypoxic-ischemic injury, Neurological outcome, Neuroprognostication, Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest