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In Frontiers in physiology

Reservoir computers are a type of recurrent neural network for which the network connections are not changed. To train the reservoir computer, a set of output signals from the network are fit to a training signal by a linear fit. As a result, training of a reservoir computer is fast, and reservoir computers may be built from analog hardware, resulting in high speed and low power consumption. To get the best performance from a reservoir computer, the hyperparameters of the reservoir computer must be optimized. In signal classification problems, parameter optimization may be computationally difficult; it is necessary to compare many realizations of the test signals to get good statistics on the classification probability. In this work, it is shown in both a spiking reservoir computer and a reservoir computer using continuous variables that the optimum classification performance occurs for the hyperparameters that maximize the entropy of the reservoir computer. Optimizing for entropy only requires a single realization of each signal to be classified, making the process much faster to compute.

Carroll Thomas L

2021

machine learning, neuromorphic, neuron, nonlinear dynamics, reservoir computer