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In Journal of clinical monitoring and computing

Elevations in initially obtained serum lactate levels are strong predictors of mortality in critically ill patients. Identifying patients whose serum lactate levels are more likely to increase can alert physicians to intensify care and guide them in the frequency of tending the blood test. We investigate whether machine learning models can predict subsequent serum lactate changes. We investigated serum lactate change prediction using the MIMIC-III and eICU-CRD datasets in internal as well as external validation of the eICU cohort on the MIMIC-III cohort. Three subgroups were defined based on the initial lactate levels: (i) normal group (< 2 mmol/L), (ii) mild group (2-4 mmol/L), and (iii) severe group (> 4 mmol/L). Outcomes were defined based on increase or decrease of serum lactate levels between the groups. We also performed sensitivity analysis by defining the outcome as lactate change of > 10% and furthermore investigated the influence of the time interval between subsequent lactate measurements on predictive performance. The LSTM models were able to predict deterioration of serum lactate values of MIMIC-III patients with an AUC of 0.77 (95% CI 0.762-0.771) for the normal group, 0.77 (95% CI 0.768-0.772) for the mild group, and 0.85 (95% CI 0.840-0.851) for the severe group, with only a slightly lower performance in the external validation. The LSTM demonstrated good discrimination of patients who had deterioration in serum lactate levels. Clinical studies are needed to evaluate whether utilization of a clinical decision support tool based on these results could positively impact decision-making and patient outcomes.

Mamandipoor Behrooz, Yeung Wesley, Agha-Mir-Salim Louis, Stone David J, Osmani Venet, Celi Leo Anthony


Critical illness, Deep learning, Lactate, Resuscitation, Time series