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In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

The vertebral compression is a significant factor for determining the prognosis of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures and is generally measured manually by specialists. The consequent misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis can be fatal for patients. In this study, we trained and evaluated the performance of a vertebral body segmentation model and a vertebral compression measurement model based on convolutional neural networks. For vertebral body segmentation, we used a recurrent residual U-Net model, with an average sensitivity of 0.934 (± 0.086), an average specificity of 0.997 (± 0.002), an average accuracy of 0.987 (± 0.005), and an average dice similarity coefficient of 0.923 (± 0.073). We then generated 1134 data points on the images of three vertebral bodies by labeling each segment of the segmented vertebral body. These were used in the vertebral compression measurement model based on linear regression and multi-scale residual dilated blocks. The model yielded an average mean absolute error of 2.637 (± 1.872) (%), an average mean square error of 13.985 (± 24.107) (%), and an average root mean square error of 3.739 (± 2.187) (%) in fractured vertebral body data. The proposed algorithm has significant potential for aiding the diagnosis of vertebral compression fractures.

Seo Jae Won, Lim Sang Heon, Jeong Jin Gyo, Kim Young Jae, Kim Kwang Gi, Jeon Ji Young