In Parkinsonism & related disorders ; h5-index 58.0
BACKGROUND : Several studies have shown beneficial effects of bilateral stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) on motor as well as on non-motor symptoms (NMS) up to 36 months post-surgery in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. We set to explore the long-term effect of STN-DBS on NMS in a four-year follow-up, prospective, observational study.
METHODS : Forty patients were enrolled and assessed at baseline. Twenty-eight were followed-up at 6, 12, 24, 36 and 48 months after the operation. The effect of post-operative time on NMS was analyzed by six-level repeated measures ANOVA. In a post-hoc analysis the follow-up scores were compared to baseline using a paired t-test.
RESULTS : The following scores stayed improved up to 24 months after surgery, presented as baseline/24 months, p-value (t-test): total Non-Motor Symptoms Scale score (54.0 ± 5.6/44.9 ± 5.0, p = 0.029), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (14.3 ± 1.3/11.3 ± 1.2, p = 0.019) and PDQ39 (53.4 ± 4.5/40.2 ± 2.9, p = 0.012). PD Sleep Scale 2 remained improved throughout the study (17.4 ± 2.0/12.8 ± 1.3 at 48 months, p = 0.032), while Beck Depression Inventory only at six months post-surgery (9.5 ± 1.2/6.7 ± 0.7 at 6 months, p = 0.006). Montreal Cognitive Assessment remained stable up to 24 months and then declined at 36 months (26.3 ± 0.5/25.4 ± 0.5 at 36 months, p = 0.003), Starkstein Apathy Scale deteriorated throughout the study (7.6 ± 0.7/12.7 ± 0.9 at 48 months, p = 0.006).
CONCLUSIONS : We observed beneficial effect of STN-DBS in several but not all domains of NMS at least up to 24 months post-op in advanced PD. Further long-term studies on larger cohorts of PD patients and longer follow-up need to be conducted to better understand the long-term effect of STN-DBS on NMS.
Georgiev Dejan, Mencinger Maruša, Rajnar Robert, Mušič Polona, Benedičič Mitja, Flisar Dušan, Bošnjak Roman, Mehrkens Jan, Pirtošek Zvezdan, Boetzel Kai, Trošt Maja
Health related quality of life, Non-motor symptoms, “Parkinsons disease”, STN-DBS