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In International journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery

PURPOSE : Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a proven therapy for Parkinson's Disease (PD), frequently resulting in an enhancement of motor function. Nonetheless, several undesirable side effects can occur after DBS, which can worsen the quality of life of the patient. Thus, the clinical team has to carefully select patients on whom to perform DBS. Over the past decade, there have been some attempts to relate pre-operative data and DBS clinical outcomes, with most focused on the motor symptomatology. In this paper, we propose a machine learning-based method able to predict a large number of DBS clinical outcomes for PD.

METHODS : We propose a multimodal pipeline, referred to as PassFlow, which predicts 84 clinical post-operative clinical scores. PassFlow is composed of an artificial neural network to compress clinical information, an image processing method from the state-of-the-art to extract morphological biomarkers our of T1 imaging, and an SVM to perform the regressions. We validated PassFlow on 196 PD patients who undergone a DBS.

RESULTS : PassFlow showed correlation coefficients as high as 0.71 and were able to significantly predict 63 out of the 84 scores, outperforming a comparative linear method. The number of metrics that are predicted with this pre-operative information was also found to be correlated with the number of patients with this information available, indicating that the PassFlow method is still actively learning.

CONCLUSION : We presented a novel, machine learning-based pipeline to predict a variety of post-operative clinical outcomes of DBS for PD patients. PassFlow took into account various bio-markers, arising from different data modalities, showing high correlation coefficients for some scores from pre-operative data only. It indicates that many clinical outcomes of DBS can be predicted agnostic to the specific simulation parameters, as PassFlow has been validated without such stimulation-related information.

Peralta Maxime, Haegelen Claire, Jannin Pierre, Baxter John S H

2021-Jul-03

Clinical prediction, Deep brain stimulation, Machine learning, Parkinson’s disease