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In Optics letters

Images rendered with common optoacoustic system implementations are often afflicted with distortions and poor visibility of structures, hindering reliable image interpretation and quantification of bio-chrome distribution. Among the practical limitations contributing to artifactual reconstructions are insufficient tomographic detection coverage and suboptimal illumination geometry, as well as inability to accurately account for acoustic reflections and speed of sound heterogeneities in the imaged tissues. Here we developed a convolutional neural network (CNN) approach for enhancement of optoacoustic image quality which combines training on both time-resolved signals and tomographic reconstructions. Reference human finger data for training the CNN were recorded using a full-ring array system that provides optimal tomographic coverage around the imaged object. The reconstructions were further refined with a dedicated algorithm that minimizes acoustic reflection artifacts induced by acoustically mismatch structures, such as bones. The combined methodology is shown to outperform other learning-based methods solely operating on image-domain data.

Davoudi Neda, Lafci Berkan, Özbek Ali, Deán-Ben Xosé Luís, Razansky Daniel