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In The EMBO journal ; h5-index 83.0

The formation of protein aggregates is a hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases. Observations on patient samples and model systems demonstrated links between aggregate formation and declining mitochondrial functionality, but causalities remain unclear. We used Saccharomyces cerevisiae to analyze how mitochondrial processes regulate the behavior of aggregation-prone polyQ protein derived from human huntingtin. Expression of Q97-GFP rapidly led to insoluble cytosolic aggregates and cell death. Although aggregation impaired mitochondrial respiration only slightly, it considerably interfered with the import of mitochondrial precursor proteins. Mutants in the import component Mia40 were hypersensitive to Q97-GFP, whereas Mia40 overexpression strongly suppressed the formation of toxic Q97-GFP aggregates both in yeast and in human cells. Based on these observations, we propose that the post-translational import of mitochondrial precursor proteins into mitochondria competes with aggregation-prone cytosolic proteins for chaperones and proteasome capacity. Mia40 regulates this competition as it has a rate-limiting role in mitochondrial protein import. Therefore, Mia40 is a dynamic regulator in mitochondrial biogenesis that can be exploited to stabilize cytosolic proteostasis.

Schlagowski Anna M, Knöringer Katharina, Morlot Sandrine, Sánchez Vicente Ana, Flohr Tamara, Krämer Lena, Boos Felix, Khalid Nabeel, Ahmed Sheraz, Schramm Jana, Murschall Lena M, Haberkant Per, Stein Frank, Riemer Jan, Westermann Benedikt, Braun Ralf J, Winklhofer Konstanze F, Charvin Gilles, Herrmann Johannes M

2021-Jun-30

Mia40, huntingtin, mitochondria, protein aggregation, protein translocation