This study was created to assess whether a 30-mm depth of chest compression (CC) is sufficient and safe for neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.This retrospective analysis was performed with chest computed tomography scans of neonates in 2 hospitals between 2004 and 2018. We measured several chest parameters and calculated heart compression fraction (HCF) using the ejection fraction formula. We evaluated whether one-third of the external anterior-posterior (AP) diameter and HCF with them are the equivalent to 25-, 30-, 35 mm and HCF with them, respectively, and the number of individuals with over-compression (internal chest AP diameter - compressed depth <10 mm) to estimate a safe CC depth. We divided the patients into term and preterm groups and compared their outcomes.In total, 63 of the 75 included individuals were analyzed, and one-third of the external lengths was equivalent to 30 ± 3 mm (P < .001). When the patients were divided into term (n = 53) and preterm (n = 10) groups, the equivalent depth was 30 ± 3 mm in the term group (P < .001) and 25 ± 2.5 mm in the preterm group (P = .004). The HCF with 30 mm was equivalent to that for one-third of the external length (P < .001). When we simulated CCs with a 30-mm depth, over-compression occurred more frequently in the preterm group (20%) compared to the term group (1.9%) (P = .014).A 30-mm depth could be appropriate for sufficient and safe neonatal resuscitation. Shallower CC should be considered in preterm babies.
Lee Juncheol, Lee Dong Keon, Oh Jaehoon, Park Seung Min, Kang Hyunggoo, Lim Tae Ho, Jo You Hwan, Ko Byuk Sung, Cho Yongil