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In Computational intelligence and neuroscience

Ultrasound is one of the critical methods for diagnosis and treatment in thyroid examination. In clinical application, many reasons, such as large outpatient traffic, time-consuming training of sonographers, and uneven professional level of physicians, often cause irregularities during the ultrasonic examination, leading to misdiagnosis or missed diagnosis. In order to standardize the thyroid ultrasound examination process, this paper proposes using a deep learning method based on residual network to recognize the Thyroid Ultrasound Standard Plane (TUSP). At first, referring to multiple relevant guidelines, eight TUSP were determined with the advice of clinical ultrasound experts. A total of 5,500 TUSP images of 8 categories were collected with the approval and review of the Ethics Committee and the patient's informed consent. Then, after desensitizing and filling the images, the 18-layer residual network model (ResNet-18) was trained for TUSP image recognition, and five-fold cross-validation was performed. Finally, through indicators like accuracy rate, we compared the recognition effect of other mainstream deep convolutional neural network models. Experimental results showed that ResNet-18 has the best recognition effect on TUSP images with an average accuracy rate of 91.07%. The average macro precision, average macro recall, and average macro F1-score are 91.39%, 91.34%, and 91.30%, respectively. It proves that the deep learning method based on residual network can effectively recognize TUSP images, which is expected to standardize clinical thyroid ultrasound examination and reduce misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.

Guo Minghui, Wang Kangjian, Liu Shunlan, Du Yongzhao, Liu Peizhong, Su Qichen, Lv Guorong

2021