Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In Scientific reports ; h5-index 158.0

In this work, we aim to construct a new behavior analysis method by using machine learning. We used two cameras to capture three-dimensional (3D) tracking data of zebrafish, which were analyzed using fuzzy adaptive resonance theory (FuzzyART), a type of machine learning algorithm, to identify specific behavioral features. The method was tested based on an experiment in which electric shocks were delivered to zebrafish and zebrafish swimming was tracked in 3D simultaneously to find electric shock-associated behaviors. By processing the obtained data with FuzzyART, we discovered that distinguishing behaviors were statistically linked to the electric shock based on the machine learning algorithm. Moreover, our system could accept user-supplied data for detection and quantitative analysis of the behavior features, such as the behavior features defined by the 3D tracking analysis above. This system could be applied to discover new distinct behavior features in mutant zebrafish and used for drug administration screening and cognitive ability tests of zebrafish in the future.

Yang Peng, Takahashi Hiro, Murase Masataka, Itoh Motoyuki