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In Proceedings. IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging

We propose a model-based deep learning architecture for the reconstruction of highly accelerated diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that enables high resolution imaging. The proposed reconstruction jointly recovers all the diffusion weighted images in a single step from a joint k-q under-sampled acquisition in a parallel MRI setting. We propose the novel use of a pre-trained denoiser as a regularizer in a model-based reconstruction for the recovery of highly under-sampled data. Specifically, we designed the denoiser based on a general diffusion MRI tissue microstructure model for multi-compartmental modeling. By using a wide range of biologically plausible parameter values for the multi-compartmental microstructure model, we simulated diffusion signal that spans the entire microstructure parameter space. A neural network was trained in an unsupervised manner using an autoencoder to learn the diffusion MRI signal subspace. We employed the autoencoder in a model-based reconstruction and show that the autoencoder provides a strong denoising prior to recover the q-space signal. We show reconstruction results on a simulated brain dataset that shows high acceleration capabilities of the proposed method.

Mani Merry P, Aggarwal Hemant K, Ghosh Sanjay, Jacob Mathews


K-q space deep learning, autoencoder, diffusion MRI, model-based deep learning