In Trends in molecular medicine
A healthy pregnancy depends on complex interrelated biological adaptations involving placentation, maternal immune responses, and hormonal homeostasis. Recent advances in high-throughput technologies have provided access to multiomics biological data that, combined with clinical and social data, can provide a deeper understanding of normal and abnormal pregnancies. Integration of these heterogeneous datasets using state-of-the-art machine-learning methods can enable the prediction of short- and long-term health trajectories for a mother and offspring and the development of treatments to prevent or minimize complications. We review advanced machine-learning methods that could: provide deeper biological insights into a pregnancy not yet unveiled by current methodologies; clarify the etiologies and heterogeneity of pathologies that affect a pregnancy; and suggest the best approaches to address disparities in outcomes affecting vulnerable populations.
Espinosa Camilo, Becker Martin, Marić Ivana, Wong Ronald J, Shaw Gary M, Gaudilliere Brice, Aghaeepour Nima, Stevenson David K
machine learning, maternal health, multimodal learning, multiomics, multitask learning, pregnancy, systems biology