Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In The British journal of radiology

OBJECTIVES : Left-ventricular (LV) strain measurements with the Displacement Encoding with Stimulated Echoes (DENSE) MRI sequence provide accurate estimates of cardiotoxicity damage related to chemotherapy for breast cancer. This study investigated an automated and supervised deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) model for LV chamber quantification before strain analysis in DENSE images.

METHODS : The DeepLabV3 +DCNN with three versions of ResNet-50 backbone was designed to conduct chamber quantification on 42 female breast cancer datasets. The convolutional layers in the three ResNet-50 backbones were varied as non-atrous, atrous and modified, atrous with accuracy improvements like using Laplacian of gaussian filters. Parameters such as LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and ejection fraction (LVEF) were quantified, and myocardial strains analyzed with the Radial Point Interpolation Method (RPIM). Myocardial classification was validated with the performance metrics of accuracy, Dice, average perpendicular distance (APD) and others. Repeated measures ANOVA and intraclass correlation (ICC) with Cronbach's α (C-Alpha) tests were conducted between the three DCNNs and a vendor tool on chamber quantification and myocardial strain analysis.

RESULTS : Validation results in the same test-set for myocardial classification were accuracy = 97%, Dice = 0.92, APD = 1.2 mm with the modified ResNet-50, and accuracy = 95%, Dice = 0.90, APD = 1.7 mm with the atrous ResNet-50. The ICC results between the modified ResNet-50, atrous ResNet-50 and vendor-tool were C-Alpha = 0.97 for LVEF (55±7%, 54±7%, 54±7%, p = 0.6), and C-Alpha = 0.87 for LVEDD (4.6 ± 0.3 cm, 4.6 ± 0.3 cm, 4.6 ± 0.4 cm, p = 0.7).

CONCLUSIONS : Similar performance metrics and equivalent parameters obtained from comparisons between the atrous networks and vendor tool show that segmentation with the modified, atrous DCNN is applicable for automated LV chamber quantification and subsequent strain analysis in cardiotoxicity.

ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE : A novel deep-learning technique for segmenting DENSE images was developed and validated for LV chamber quantification and strain analysis in cardiotoxicity detection.

Karr Julia, Cohen Michael, McQuiston Samuel A, Poorsala Teja, Malozzi Christopher