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In The Journal of arthroplasty ; h5-index 65.0

BACKGROUND : Despite the success of total hip arthroplasty (THA), approximately 10%-15% of patients will be dissatisfied with their outcome. Identifying patients at risk of not achieving meaningful gains postoperatively is critical to pre-surgical counseling and clinical decision support. Machine learning has shown promise in creating predictive models. This study used a machine-learning model to identify patient-specific variables that predict the postoperative functional outcome in THA.

METHODS : A prospective longitudinal cohort of 160 consecutive patients undergoing total hip replacement for the treatment of degenerative arthritis completed self-reported measures preoperatively and at 3 months postoperatively. Using four types of independent variables (patient demographics, patient-reported health, cognitive appraisal processes and surgical approach), a machine-learning model utilizing Least Absolute Shrinkage Selection Operator (LASSO) was constructed to predict postoperative Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) at 3 months.

RESULTS : The most predictive independent variables of postoperative HOOS were cognitive appraisal processes. Variables that predicted a worse HOOS consisted of frequent thoughts of work (β = -0.34), frequent comparison to healthier peers (β = -0.26), increased body mass index (β = -0.17), increased medical comorbidities (β = -0.19), and the anterior surgical approach (β = -0.15). Variables that predicted a better HOOS consisted of employment at the time of surgery (β = 0.17), and thoughts related to family interaction (β = 0.12), trying not to complain (β = 0.13), and helping others (β = 0.22).

CONCLUSIONS : This clinical prediction model in THA revealed that the factors most predictive of outcome were cognitive appraisal processes, demonstrating their importance to outcome-based research.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE : Prognostic Level 1.

Sniderman Jhase, Stark Roland B, Schwartz Carolyn E, Imam Hajra, Finkelstein Joel A, Nousiainen Markku T


cognitive appraisal, machine learning, patient-reported outcome, prediction, quality of life, total hip arthroplasty