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In Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology ; h5-index 51.0

BACKGROUND AND AIM : Pattern analysis of big data can provide a superior direction for the clinical differentiation of diseases with similar endoscopic findings. This study aimed to develop a deep-learning algorithm that performs differential diagnosis between intestinal Behçet's disease (BD), Crohn's disease (CD), and intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) using colonoscopy images.

METHODS : The typical pattern for each disease was defined as a typical image. We implemented a convolutional neural network (CNN) using Pytorch and visualized a deep-learning model through Gradient-weighted Class Activation Mapping. The performance of the algorithm was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC).

RESULTS : A total of 6,617 colonoscopy images of 211 CD, 299 intestinal BD, and 217 ITB patients were used. The accuracy of the algorithm for discriminating the three diseases (all-images: 65.15% vs typical images: 72.01%, p = 0.024) and discriminating between intestinal BD and CD (all-images: 78.15% vs typical images: 85.62%, p = 0.010) were significantly different between all-images and typical images. The CNN clearly differentiated colonoscopy images of the diseases (AUROC from 0.7846 to 0.8586). Algorithmic prediction AUROC for typical images ranged from 0.8211 to 0.9360.

CONCLUSION : This study found that a deep-learning model can discriminate between colonoscopy images of intestinal BD, CD, and ITB. In particular, the algorithm demonstrated superior discrimination ability for typical images. This approach presents a beneficial method for the differential diagnosis of the diseases.

Kim Jung Min, Kang Jun Gu, Kim Sungwon, Cheon Jae Hee

2021-Feb-07

Behçet’s disease, Crohn’s disease, Deep learning, Intestinal tuberculosis