Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In Endoscopy international open

Background and study aims  Storage of full-length endoscopic procedures is becoming increasingly popular. To facilitate large-scale machine learning (ML) focused on clinical outcomes, these videos must be merged with the patient-level data in the electronic health record (EHR). Our aim was to present a method of accurately linking patient-level EHR data with cloud stored colonoscopy videos. Methods  This study was conducted at a single academic medical center. Most procedure videos are automatically uploaded to the cloud server but are identified only by procedure time and procedure room. We developed and then tested an algorithm to match recorded videos with corresponding exams in the EHR based upon procedure time and room and subsequently extract frames of interest. Results  Among 28,611 total colonoscopies performed over the study period, 21,170 colonoscopy videos in 20,420 unique patients (54.2 % male, median age 58) were matched to EHR data. Of 100 randomly sampled videos, appropriate matching was manually confirmed in all. In total, these videos represented 489,721 minutes of colonoscopy performed by 50 endoscopists (median 214 colonoscopies per endoscopist). The most common procedure indications were polyp screening (47.3 %), surveillance (28.9 %) and inflammatory bowel disease (9.4 %). From these videos, we extracted procedure highlights (identified by image capture; mean 8.5 per colonoscopy) and surrounding frames. Conclusions  We report the successful merging of a large database of endoscopy videos stored with limited identifiers to rich patient-level data in a highly accurate manner. This technique facilitates the development of ML algorithms based upon relevant patient outcomes.

Keswani Rajesh N, Byrd Daniel, Garcia Vicente Florencia, Heller J Alex, Klug Matthew, Mazumder Nikhilesh R, Wood Jordan, Yang Anthony D, Etemadi Mozziyar