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In Epilepsy & behavior : E&B

Dissociative seizures (also known as psychogenic nonepileptic seizures) are a common functional neurological disorder that can be difficult to distinguish from epileptic seizures. Patients with dissociative seizures provide diagnostic challenges, leading to delays in care, inappropriate care, and significant healthcare utilization and associated costs. The dissociative seizure likelihood score (DSLS) was developed by Kerr and colleagues at UCLA to distinguish between patients with epileptic seizures and dissociative seizures based on clinical and medication history as well as features of seizure semiology. We validated this calculator at the University of Colorado, which is a Level 4 National Association of Epilepsy Center. The DSLS accurately predicted the diagnosis in 81% of patients, despite local variability in the factors associated with epileptic versus dissociative seizures between the two populations. The DSLS can be a useful tool to assist with history taking and may have important utility for clinical decision making with these difficult to distinguish patient populations.

Lenio Steven, Kerr Wesley T, Watson Meagan, Baker Sarah, Bush Chad, Rajic Alex, Strom Laura

2021-Feb-02

External validation, Functional seizures, Machine learning, PNEA, PNES, Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures