In NPJ genomic medicine
Colorectal and gastric cancers are a leading cause of cancer deaths in developed countries. Precise estimation of prognosis is important with regard to clinical decision making for individuals with such cancers. We here comprehensively compiled a complete atlas of prognostic genes based on an integrated meta-analysis of one of the largest assembled colorectal cancer cohorts. A simple yet robust machine learning approach was then applied to establish a universal molecular prognostic score (mPS_colon) that relies on the expression status of only 16 genes and which was validated with independent data sets. This score was found to be an independent prognostic indicator in multivariate models including cancer stage, to be valid independent of tumor characteristics or patient ethnicity, and to be also applicable to gastric cancer. We conclude that mPS_colon is a universal prognostic classifier for patients with gastrointestinal cancers and that it should prove informative for optimization of personalized therapy for such patients.
Shimizu Hideyuki, Nakayama Keiichi I