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In IEEE transactions on neural networks and learning systems

In this work, time-driven learning refers to the machine learning method that updates parameters in a prediction model continuously as new data arrives. Among existing approximate dynamic programming (ADP) and reinforcement learning (RL) algorithms, the direct heuristic dynamic programming (dHDP) has been shown an effective tool as demonstrated in solving several complex learning control problems. It continuously updates the control policy and the critic as system states continuously evolve. It is therefore desirable to prevent the time-driven dHDP from updating due to insignificant system event such as noise. Toward this goal, we propose a new event-driven dHDP. By constructing a Lyapunov function candidate, we prove the uniformly ultimately boundedness (UUB) of the system states and the weights in the critic and the control policy networks. Consequently, we show the approximate control and cost-to-go function approaching Bellman optimality within a finite bound. We also illustrate how the event-driven dHDP algorithm works in comparison to the original time-driven dHDP.

Zhao Qingtao, Si Jennie, Sun Jian