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In IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society

Successful epilepsy surgeries depend highly on pre-operative localization of epileptogenic zones. Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) records interictal and ictal activities of the epilepsy in order to precisely find and localize epileptogenic zones in clinical practice. While it is difficult to find distinct ictal onset patterns generated the seizure onset zone from SEEG recordings in a confined region, high frequency oscillations are commonly considered as putative biomarkers for the identification of epileptogenic zones. Therefore, automatic and accurate detection of high frequency oscillations in SEEG signals is crucial for timely clinical evaluation. This work formulates the detection of high frequency oscillations as a signal segment classification problem and develops a hypergraph-based detector to automatically detect high frequency oscillations such that human experts can visually review SEEG signals. We evaluated our method on 4,000 signal segments from clinical SEEG recordings that contain both ictal and interictal data obtained from 19 patients who suffer from refractory focal epilepsy. The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed detector that can successfully localize interictal high frequency oscillations and outperforms multiple peer machine learning methods. In particular, the proposed detector achieved 90.7% in accuracy, 80.9% in sensitivity, and 96.9% in specificity.

Guo Jiayang, Li Hailong, Sun Xiaoshuai, Qi Lei, Qiao Hui, Pan Yijie, Xiang Jing, Ji Rongrong