In Mathematical biosciences and engineering : MBE
In this study, we ranked the Multimodal Features extracted from Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) and Normal Sinus Rhythm (NSR) subjects. We categorized the ranked features into 1 to 5 categories based on Empirical Receiver Operating Characteristics (EROC) values. Instead of using all multimodal features, we use high ranking features for detection of CHF and normal subjects. We employed powerful machine learning techniques such as Decision Tree (DT), Naïve Bayes (NB), SVM Gaussian, SVM RBF and SVM Polynomial. The performance was measured in terms of Sensitivity, Specificity, Positive Predictive Value (PPV), Negative Predictive Value (NPV), Accuracy, False Positive Rate (FPR), and area under the Receiver Operating characteristic Curve (AUC). The highest detection performance in terms of accuracy and AUC was obtained with all multimodal features using SVM Gaussian with Sensitivity (93.06%), Specificity (81.82%), Accuracy (88.79%) and AUC (0.95). Using the top five ranked features, the highest performance was obtained with SVM Gaussian yields accuracy (84.48%), AUC (0.86); top nine ranked features using Decision Tree and Naïve Bayes got accuracy (84.48%), AUC (0.88); last thirteen ranked features using SVM polynomial obtained accuracy (80.17%), AUC (0.84). The findings indicate that proposed approach with feature ranking can be very useful for automatic detection of congestive heart failure patients and can be very helpful for further decision making by the clinicians and physicians in order to decrease the mortality rate.
Hussain Lal, Aziz Wajid, Khan Ishtiaq Rasool, Alkinani Monagi H, Alowibdi Jalal S
** congestive heart failure , decision tree , empirical receiver operating characteristics , machine learning , multimodal features , normal sinus rhythm , support vector machine **