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In International journal of neural systems

Epilepsy is a neurological disease that is very common worldwide. Patient's electroencephalography (EEG) signals are frequently used for the detection of epileptic seizure segments. In this paper, a high-resolution time-frequency (TF) representation called Synchrosqueezing Transform (SST) is used to detect epileptic seizures. Two different EEG data sets, the IKCU data set we collected, and the publicly available CHB-MIT data set are analyzed to test the performance of the proposed model in seizure detection. The SST representations of seizure and nonseizure (pre-seizure or inter-seizure) EEG segments of epilepsy patients are calculated. Various features like higher-order joint TF (HOJ-TF) moments and gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM)-based features are calculated using the SST representation. By using single and ensemble machine learning methods such as k-Nearest Neighbor (kNN), Logistic Regression (LR), Naive Bayes (NB), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Boosted Trees (BT), and Subspace kNN (S-kNN), EEG features are classified. The proposed SST-based approach achieved 95.1% ACC, 96.87% PRE, 95.54% REC values for the IKCU data set, and 95.13% ACC, 93.37% PRE, 90.30% REC values for the CHB-MIT data set in seizure detection. Results show that the proposed SST-based method utilizing novel TF features outperforms the short-time Fourier transform (STFT)-based approach, providing over 95% accuracy for most cases, and compares well with the existing methods.

Cura Ozlem Karabiber, Akan Aydin

2021-Jan-30

Synchrosqueezing transform (SST), electroencephalogram (EEG), epileptic seizure classification, machine learning