In Acta dermato-venereologica ; h5-index 37.0
Pigmented basal cell carcinomas can be difficult to distinguish from melanocytic tumours. Hyperspectral imaging is a non-invasive imaging technique that measures the reflectance spectra of skin in vivo. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to use a convolutional neural network classifier in hyperspectral images for differential diagnosis between pigment-ed basal cell carcinomas and melanoma. A total of 26 pigmented lesions (10 pigmented basal cell carcinomas, 12 melanomas in situ, 4 invasive melanomas) were imaged with hyperspectral imaging and excised for histopatho-logical diagnosis. For 2-class classifier (melano-cytic tumours vs pigmented basal cell carcinomas) using the majority of the pixels to predict the class of the whole lesion, the results showed a sensitivity of 100% (95% confidence interval 81-100%), specificity of 90% (95% confidence interval 60-98%) and positive predictive value of 94% (95% confidence interval 73-99%). These results indicate that a convolutional neural network classifier can differentiate melanocytic tumours from pigmented basal cell carcinomas in hyperspectral images.
Räsänen Janne Eerikki, Salmivuori Mari, Pölönen Ilkka, Grönroos Mari, Neittaanmäki Noora
** basal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, neural network, deep learning**