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In Smart health (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

Wearing face masks appears as a solution for limiting the spread of COVID-19. In this context, efficient recognition systems are expected for checking that people faces are masked in regulated areas. Hence, a large dataset of masked faces is necessary for training deep learning models towards detecting people wearing masks and those not wearing masks. Currently, there are no available large dataset of masked face images that permits to check if faces are correctly masked or not. Indeed, many people are not correctly wearing their masks due to bad practices, bad behaviors or vulnerability of individuals (e.g., children, old people). For these reasons, several mask wearing campaigns intend to sensitize people about this problem and good practices. In this sense, this work proposes an image editing approach and three types of masked face detection dataset; namely, the Correctly Masked Face Dataset (CMFD), the Incorrectly Masked Face Dataset (IMFD) and their combination for the global masked face detection (MaskedFace-Net). Realistic masked face datasets are proposed with a twofold objective: i) detecting people having their faces masked or not masked, ii) detecting faces having their masks correctly worn or incorrectly worn (e.g.; at airport portals or in crowds). To the best of our knowledge, no large dataset of masked faces provides such a granularity of classification towards mask wearing analysis. Moreover, this work globally presents the applied mask-to-face deformable model for permitting the generation of other masked face images, notably with specific masks. Our datasets of masked faces (137,016 images) are available at The dataset of face images Flickr-Faces-HQ3 (FFHQ), publicly made available online by NVIDIA Corporation, has been used for generating MaskedFace-Net.

Cabani Adnane, Hammoudi Karim, Benhabiles Halim, Melkemi Mahmoud


COVID-19, Feature matching, Health education, Image editing, Masked face dataset, Smart health, Public health, Realistic image synthesis, Virus protection