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In World journal of gastroenterology ; h5-index 103.0

BACKGROUND : Non-magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (NM-NBI) has been frequently used in routine screening of esophagus squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The performance of NBI for screening of early ESCC is, however, significantly affected by operator experience. Artificial intelligence may be a unique approach to compensate for the lack of operator experience.

AIM : To construct a computer-aided detection (CAD) system for application in NM-NBI to identify early ESCC and to compare it with our previously reported CAD system with endoscopic white-light imaging (WLI).

METHODS : A total of 2167 abnormal NM-NBI images of early ESCC and 2568 normal images were collected from three institutions (Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, Xuhui Hospital, and Kiang Wu Hospital) as the training dataset, and 316 pairs of images, each pair including images obtained by WLI and NBI (same part), were collected for validation. Twenty endoscopists participated in this study to review the validation images with or without the assistance of the CAD systems. The diagnostic results of the two CAD systems and improvement in diagnostic efficacy of endoscopists were compared in terms of sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value.

RESULTS : The area under receiver operating characteristic curve for CAD-NBI was 0.9761. For the validation dataset, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of CAD-NBI were 91.0%, 96.7%, 94.3%, 95.3%, and 93.6%, respectively, while those of CAD-WLI were 98.5%, 83.1%, 89.5%, 80.8%, and 98.7%, respectively. CAD-NBI showed superior accuracy and specificity than CAD-WLI (P = 0.028 and P ≤ 0.001, respectively), while CAD-WLI had higher sensitivity than CAD-NBI (P = 0.006). By using both CAD-WLI and CAD-NBI, the endoscopists could improve their diagnostic efficacy to the highest level, with accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 94.9%, 92.4%, and 96.7%, respectively.

CONCLUSION : The CAD-NBI system for screening early ESCC has higher accuracy and specificity than CAD-WLI. Endoscopists can achieve the best diagnostic efficacy using both CAD-WLI and CAD-NBI.

Li Bing, Cai Shi-Lun, Tan Wei-Min, Li Ji-Chun, Yalikong Ayimukedisi, Feng Xiao-Shuang, Yu Hon-Ho, Lu Pin-Xiang, Feng Zhen, Yao Li-Qing, Zhou Ping-Hong, Yan Bo, Zhong Yun-Shi


Computer-aided detection, Endoscopy, Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, Narrow-band imaging, Screening, White-light imaging