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In Gait & posture ; h5-index 48.0

BACKGROUND : Development of accessible cost-effective technology to objectively, reliably, and accurately predict musculoskeletal injury risk could aid the effort to prevent chronic pain and disability. Recent work on micro-Doppler radar suggests it merits investigation towards these goals. The micro-Doppler signals that are created can infer differences in gross movements such as walking versus crawling in military settings where direct vision is not possible. Unique micro-Doppler signals may be able to identify more subtle movement patterns which would not be easily seen by the human eye.

RESEARCH QUESTION : Can micro Doppler radar predictably and accurately identify subtle differences in movement conditions?

METHODS : This is a cross sectional study recruiting NCAA athletes to jump in front of the micro-Doppler radar barefoot, with shoes, and shoes with a heel lift. The micro-Doppler radar signature projection algorithm was developed to determine whether the radar is able to distinguish the three distinct movement patterns.

RESULTS : Confusion matrices were used to visualize the performance of the support-vector machine at the 80/20 test/train split correctly classifying barefoot subjects, shoes and heel lift, and shoes correctly at 0° with respect to the radar 90.9 %, 86.7 %, and 89.5 % of the time, respectively. At 90° with respect to the radar, it was successful 94.1 %, 100 %, and 80 % of the time, respectively.

CONCLUSION : This study suggests that the micro-Doppler radar signature projection algorithm is highly accurate and able to predict subtle differences in movement that are not readily observed with conventional motion capture systems. Future studies are needed to better understand if micro-Doppler signals can identify pathologic movement patterns or movement that is associated with increased risk of injury.

Onks Cayce, Hall Donald, Ridder Tyler, Idriss Zacharie, Andrie Joseph, Narayanan Ram

2021-Jan-26

Feature extraction, Injury prevention, Machine learning, Micro-Doppler radar, Musculoskeletal injury risk