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In Biochimica et biophysica acta. Reviews on cancer

The large volume of data used in cancer diagnosis presents a unique opportunity for deep learning algorithms, which improve in predictive performance with increasing data. When applying deep learning to cancer diagnosis, the goal is often to learn how to classify an input sample (such as images or biomarkers) into predefined categories (such as benign or cancerous). In this article, we examine examples of how deep learning algorithms have been implemented to make predictions related to cancer diagnosis using clinical, radiological, and pathological image data. We present a systematic approach for evaluating the development and application of clinical deep learning algorithms. Based on these examples and the current state of deep learning in medicine, we discuss the future possibilities in this space and outline a roadmap for implementations of deep learning in cancer diagnosis.

Daneshjou Roxana, He Bryan, Ouyang David, Zou James

2021-Jan-26

Artificial Intelligence, Cancer diagnostics, Deep learning, Machine learning