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In Clinical nuclear medicine ; h5-index 33.0

PURPOSE : This study was to develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) model with a residual learning framework to predict the full-time 18F-florbetaben (18F-FBB) PET/CT images from corresponding short-time scans.

METHODS : In this retrospective study, we enrolled 22 cognitively normal subjects, 20 patients with mild cognitive impairment, and 42 patients with Alzheimer disease. Twenty minutes of list-mode PET/CT data were acquired and reconstructed as the ground-truth images. The short-time scans were made in either 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 minutes. The CNN with a residual learning framework was implemented to predict the ground-truth images of 18F-FBB PET/CT using short-time scans with either a single-slice or a 3-slice input layer. Model performance was evaluated by quantitative and qualitative analyses. Additionally, we quantified the amyloid load in the ground-truth and predicted images using the SUV ratio.

RESULTS : On quantitative analyses, with increasing scan time, the normalized root-mean-squared error and the SUV ratio differences between predicted and ground-truth images gradually decreased, and the peak signal-to-noise ratio increased. On qualitative analysis, the predicted images from the 3-slice CNN model showed better image quality than those from the single-slice model. The 3-slice CNN model with a short-time scan of at least 2 minutes achieved comparable, quantitative prediction of full-time 18F-FBB PET/CT images, with adequate to excellent image quality.

CONCLUSIONS : The 3-slice CNN model with a residual learning framework is promising for the prediction of full-time 18F-FBB PET/CT images from short-time scans.

Lee Sangwon, Jung Jin Ho, Kim Dongwoo, Lim Hyun Keong, Park Mi-Ae, Kim Garam, So Minjae, Yoo Sun Kook, Ye Byoung Seok, Choi Yong, Yun Mijin