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In Frontiers in medicine

Background: Auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing is an invasive electrophysiological auditory function test. Its waveforms and threshold can reflect auditory functional changes in the auditory centers in the brainstem and are widely used in the clinic to diagnose dysfunction in hearing. However, identifying its waveforms and threshold is mainly dependent on manual recognition by experimental persons, which could be primarily influenced by individual experiences. This is also a heavy job in clinical practice. Methods: In this work, human ABR was recorded. First, binarization is created to mark 1,024 sampling points accordingly. The selected characteristic area of ABR data is 0-8 ms. The marking area is enlarged to expand feature information and reduce marking error. Second, a bidirectional long short-term memory (BiLSTM) network structure is established to improve relevance of sampling points, and an ABR sampling point classifier is obtained by training. Finally, mark points are obtained through thresholding. Results: The specific structure, related parameters, recognition effect, and noise resistance of the network were explored in 614 sets of ABR clinical data. The results show that the average detection time for each data was 0.05 s, and recognition accuracy reached 92.91%. Discussion: The study proposed an automatic recognition of ABR waveforms by using the BiLSTM-based machine learning technique. The results demonstrated that the proposed methods could reduce recording time and help doctors in making diagnosis, suggesting that the proposed method has the potential to be used in the clinic in the future.

Chen Cheng, Zhan Li, Pan Xiaoxin, Wang Zhiliang, Guo Xiaoyu, Qin Handai, Xiong Fen, Shi Wei, Shi Min, Ji Fei, Wang Qiuju, Yu Ning, Xiao Ruoxiu


auditory brainstem response, bi-directional long short-term memory, characteristic waveform recognition, neural network model, wavelet transform