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In Frontiers in robotics and AI

Task-aware robotic grasping is critical if robots are to successfully cooperate with humans. The choice of a grasp is multi-faceted; however, the task to perform primes this choice in terms of hand shaping and placement on the object. This grasping strategy is particularly important for a robot companion, as it can potentially hinder the success of the collaboration with humans. In this work, we investigate how different grasping strategies of a robot passer influence the performance and the perceptions of the interaction of a human receiver. Our findings suggest that a grasping strategy that accounts for the subsequent task of the receiver improves substantially the performance of the human receiver in executing the subsequent task. The time to complete the task is reduced by eliminating the need of a post-handover re-adjustment of the object. Furthermore, the human perceptions of the interaction improve when a task-oriented grasping strategy is adopted. The influence of the robotic grasp strategy increases as the constraints induced by the object's affordances become more restrictive. The results of this work can benefit the wider robotics community, with application ranging from industrial to household human-robot interaction for cooperative and collaborative object manipulation.

Ortenzi Valerio, Cini Francesca, Pardi Tommaso, Marturi Naresh, Stolkin Rustam, Corke Peter, Controzzi Marco

2020

human-robot collaboration (HRC), human-robot interaction (HRI), object handover, seamless interaction, task-oriented grasping