In Frontiers in robotics and AI
This article presents a method for grasping novel objects by learning from experience. Successful attempts are remembered and then used to guide future grasps such that more reliable grasping is achieved over time. To transfer the learned experience to unseen objects, we introduce the dense geometric correspondence matching network (DGCM-Net). This applies metric learning to encode objects with similar geometry nearby in feature space. Retrieving relevant experience for an unseen object is thus a nearest neighbor search with the encoded feature maps. DGCM-Net also reconstructs 3D-3D correspondences using the view-dependent normalized object coordinate space to transform grasp configurations from retrieved samples to unseen objects. In comparison to baseline methods, our approach achieves an equivalent grasp success rate. However, the baselines are significantly improved when fusing the knowledge from experience with their grasp proposal strategy. Offline experiments with a grasping dataset highlight the capability to transfer grasps to new instances as well as to improve success rate over time from increasing experience. Lastly, by learning task-relevant grasps, our approach can prioritize grasp configurations that enable the functional use of objects.
Patten Timothy, Park Kiru, Vincze Markus
deep learning, dense correspondence matching, incremental learning, machine vision, metric learning, object grasping, robotics