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In Journal of clinical medicine

Cardiovascular imaging is developing at a rapid pace and the newer modalities, in particular three-dimensional echocardiography, allow better analysis of heart structures. Identifying valve lesions and grading their severity represents crucial information and nowadays is strengthened by the introduction of new software, such as transillumination, which provide detailed morphology descriptions. Chambers quantification has never been so rapid and accurate: machine learning algorithms generate automated volume measurements, including left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, which is extremely important for clinical decisions. This review provides an overview of the latest innovations in the echocardiography field, and is helpful by providing a better insight into heart diseases.

Italiano Gianpiero, Fusini Laura, Mantegazza Valentina, Tamborini Gloria, Muratori Manuela, Ghulam Ali Sarah, Penso Marco, Garlaschè Anna, Gripari Paola, Pepi Mauro


3D echocardiography, machine learning, transillumination