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In Academic radiology

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES : To investigate the effect of intralesional heterogeneity on differentiating benign and malignant pulmonary lesions, quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radiomics, and machine learning methods were adopted.

MATERIALS AND METHODS : A total of 176 patients with multiparametric MRI were involved in this exploratory study. To investigate the effect of intralesional heterogeneity on lesion classification, a radiomics model called tumor heterogeneity model was developed and compared to the conventional radiomics model based on the entire tumor. In tumor heterogeneity model, each lesion was divided into five sublesions depending on the spatial location through clustering algorithm. From the five sublesions in multi-parametric MRI sequences, 1100 radiomics features were extracted. The recursive feature elimination method was employed to select features and support vector machine classifier was used to distinguish benign and malignant lesion. The performance of classification was evaluated with the receiver operating characteristic curve and the area under the curve (AUC) was the figure of merit. The 3-fold cross-validation (CV) with and without nesting was used to validate the model, respectively.

RESULTS : The tumor heterogeneity model (AUC = 0.74 ± 0.04 and 0.90 ± 0.03, CV with and without nesting, respectively) outperforms conventional model (AUC = 0.68 ± 0.04 and 0.87 ± 0.03). The difference between the two models is statistically significant (p = 0.03) for lesions greater than 18.80 cm3.

CONCLUSION : Intralesional heterogeneity influences the classification of pulmonary lesions. The tumor heterogeneity model tends to perform better than conventional radiomics model.

Wang Xinhui, Li Xinchun, Chen Houjin, Peng Yahui, Li Yanfeng


Heterogeneity, Lung, Machine learning, Magnetic resonance imaging, Radiomics