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In The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma

Objective: To improve understanding of real-world asthma treatment and inform physician education, we evaluated regional variation in asthma prevalence and oral corticosteroid (OCS) use across Germany. Methods: We developed a machine learning gradient boosted tree model with IMS® Disease Analyzer electronic medical records, which cover 3% of German patients. This model had a 91% accuracy in predicting the presence of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We applied the model to the IMS® Longitudinal Prescription database, with 82% national coverage, to classify patients receiving treatment for airflow obstruction from October 2017-September 2018 in 63 regions in Germany. Results: Of 2.4 million individuals under statutory health insurance predicted to have asthma, 13.7%, 18.7%, 36.5%, 29.4%, and 1.7% received treatment classified as Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) Steps 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively. Approximately 7-15% of those at GINA Steps 1-4 and 35% at Step 5 treatment received ≥1 acute OCS prescription (duration <10 days). Of patients receiving GINA Steps 1-4 and Step 5 treatments, 1-3% and 86%, respectively, received ≥1 high-dosage OCS prescription. Cumulative OCS dosage and percentages of patients receiving OCS differed substantially across regions, and regions with lower OCS use had greater use of biologic therapies. Conclusions: Both acute and high OCS use varied regionally across Germany, with overall use suggesting patients are at considerable risk of adverse effects and long-term health consequences.

Nan Cassandra, Schmidt Olaf, Lindner Robert, Ilgin Yasemin, Schultz Thomas, Hinsch Gylvin Lykke, Bleecker Eugene R

2021-Jan-25

Germany, bronchial disease, medical informatics, obstructive lung disease, resource allocation